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joshua 7 commentary

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As the divine law expressly forbade the children to be put to death for their father's sins ( Deuteronomy 24:16 ), the conveyance of Achan's "sons and daughters" to the place of execution might be only as spectators, that they might take warning by the parental fate; or, if they shared his punishment ( Joshua 22:20 ), they had probably been accomplices in his crime, and, indeed, he could scarcely have dug a hole within his tent without his family being aware of it. Having discovered the stolen articles, they laid them out before the Lord, "as a token of their belonging to Him" on account of the ban. . 25 and Deut. 5. chased them from before the gate even unto Shebarim--that is, unto the "breakings" or "fissures" at the opening of the passes. Zabdi--or Zimri ( 1 Chronicles 2:6 ). wherefore the hearts of the people melted, and became as water--It is evident that the troops engaged were a tumultuary, undisciplined band, no better skilled in military affairs than the Bedouin Arabs, who become disheartened and flee on the loss of ten or fifteen men. But the consternation of the Israelites arose from another cause--the evident displeasure of God, who withheld that aid on which they had confidently reckoned. II. His genealogy is given probably to show that from a parentage so infamous the descendants would not be carefully trained in the fear of God. All rights reserved. Defeat at Ai. THE ISRAELITES SMITTEN AT AI. 7 And Joshua said, “Alas, Sovereign Lord, why did you ever bring this people across the Jordan to deliver us into the hands of the Amorites to destroy us? 3. Ver. The people are liable to destruction equally with the accursed nations of Canaan ( Deuteronomy 7:26 ). 8 Pardon your servant, Lord. They put their tents by … Joshua 7 – Commentary on Joshua – Achan’s Sin. Recorded at the Bible Lessons International studio. We have here. He, as a public person, interested himself more than any other in this public loss, and is therein an example to princes and great men, and teaches them to lay much to heart the calamities that befal their people: he is also a type of Christ, to whom the blood of his subjects is precious. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Joshua sent messengers, and they ran unto the tent--from impatient eagerness not only to test the truth of the story, but to clear Israel from the imputation of guilt. . Calvary Tucson Teachings Archive: Achan's Sin - Joshua 7. Clarke (1760-1832) was Methodist, Wesleyan, Arminian, (e.g., Clarke "suggested that although God can know all future events, He chooses not to know some events beforehand" Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible, page 808).He did not always interpret Scripture literally and so was amillennial (to quote Clarke on 1000 years - "I am satisfied that this period should … Means must, without delay, be taken to discover and punish the perpetrator of this trespass that Israel may be released from the ban, and things be restored to their former state of prosperity. He pleaded with God. Home >> Bible Studies >> Joshua >> Joshua 7. 4, 5. they fled before the men of Ai--An unexpected resistance, and the loss of thirty-six of their number diffused a panic, which ended in an ignominious rout. The statement, "The Lord spake unto Joshua," or something to the same effect, occurs three times in the narrative of the crossing (3:7; 4:1, 15). Suddenly we are presented with a series of failures that stand in striking contrast to the wonderful victories of the past six chapters. He tore his clothes, fell on the ground before the ark, and covered his head with dust. 24:16) and corporate responsibility (cf. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. So Joshua rose up early, and brought Israel by their tribes--that is, before the tabernacle. Zabdi--or Zimri ( 1 Chronicles 2:6). Joshua 7 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this verse-by-verse commentary contain gems of information found nowhere outside the ancient Jewish writings Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 7:10-15 God awakens Joshua to inquiry, by telling him that when this accursed thing was put away, all would be well. Times of … Joshua 7:1 But the children of Israel committed a trespass in the accursed thing: for Achan, the son … Accordingly, spies went up the mountain pass to view the country. The conditions of the covenant have been violated by the reservation of spoil from the doomed city; wickedness, emphatically called folly, has been committed in Israel ( Psalms 14:1 ), and dissimulation, with other aggravations of the crime, continues to be practised. Observe, 1. "All Israel" was present, not only as spectators, but active agents, as many as possible, in inflicting the punishment--thus testifying their abhorrence of the sacrilege, and their intense solicitude to regain the divine favor. of I will bless you and make your name great. The golden calf, the murmuring at Kadesh, and the iniquity of Peor, had broken their measures and given them great disturbance; and in this chapter we have such another instance of the interruption given to the progress of their arms by sin. Commentary on Joshua 7:6-9 (Read Joshua 7:6-9) Joshua's concern for the honour of God, more than even for the fate of Israel, was the language of the Spirit of adoption. Joshua 7 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. Joshua 7 commentary 1. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. The Sin of Achan. v1 Early in the morning, Joshua and all the *Israelites left the city of Shittim. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Inductive Bible Study on Joshua 7 – The Sin of Achan. Discussion Questions. Joshua 7 Commentary, this commentary, filling six volumes, provides an exhaustive look at every verse in the Bible. 7:11 "Israel has sinned" God revealed to Joshua that both theft and deceit had caused the whole nation to suffer. It is likely that Joshua heard God speak in the still small voice that Elijah heard (1 Kings 19:12). And the anger of the L ord burned against the people of Israel. 18:32; Deut. Yahweh said to Abram, “Get out of your country, and from your relatives, and from your father’s house, to the land that I will show you. Let’s read that. (b.c. Zerah--or Zarah, son of Judah and Tamar ( Genesis 38:30 ). That ye come not among these nations.] We all commit sin. ADAM CLARKE Commentary on Joshua. If only we had been content to stay on the other side of the Jordan! We have here God’s answer to Joshua’s address, which, we may suppose, came from the oracle over the ark, before which Joshua had prostrated himself, We have in these verses,I. a wedge of gold--literally, an ingot or bar in the shape of a tongue, worth about $500. . Joshua said unto Achan, My son, give . The precise site of Ai, or Hai, is indicated with sufficient clearness ( Genesis 12:8 , 13:3 ) and has been recently discovered in an isolated tell, called by the natives Tell-el-Hajar, "the mount of stones," at two miles', or thirty-five minutes' distance, east southeast from Beth-el [VAN DE VELDE]. Proud member Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai--After the sacking of Jericho, the next step was to penetrate into the hills above. But however it happened, now Joshua and all Israel know who the culprit is. . he and the elders--It is evident, from those tokens of humiliation and sorrow, that a solemn fast was observed on this occasion. How dreadful must have been his feelings when he saw the slow but certain process of discovery! 1. the children of Israel committed a trespass in the accursed thing--There was one transgressor against the cherem, or ban, on Jericho, and his transgression brought the guilt and disgrace of sin upon the whole nation. of Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Benson Commentary Joshua 7:1. His arraignment and examination, Joshua 7:19. I will make of you a great nation. Joshua 7:1-26 Israel has just been involved in the greatest military conquest in their history. Achan--called afterwards "Achar" ("trouble") ( 1 Chronicles 2:7). two hundred shekels of silver--about $200 according to the old Mosaic shekel, or the half of that sum, reckoning by the common shekel. 2 Now Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai, which is near Beth Aven to the east of Bethel, and told them, “Go up and spy out the region.” So the men went up and spied out Ai. I would describe his position as mildly conservative, although he certainly sees the value and importance of critical studies. Achan--called afterwards "Achar" ("trouble") ( 1 Chronicles 2:7 ). Joshua 7:6-7 Joshua himself showed a grave lack of spiritual strength and discernment. The righteous God has many ways of bringing to light the hidden works of darkness. 1451.) All rights reserved. The language of Joshua's prayer is thought by many to savor of human infirmity and to be wanting in that reverence and submission he owed to God. Joshua, and all Israel with him, took Achan--He with his children and all his property, cattle as well as movables, were brought into one of the long broad ravines that open into the Ghor, and after being stoned to death ( Numbers 15:30-35 ), his corpse, with all belonging to him, was consumed to ashes by fire. 7. 22, 23. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Joshua 7-8 lesson by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics (Bible interpretation). ( Numbers 32:23 ). And Joshua sent men from Jericho, to Ai, which is beside Beth-aven, on the east side of Beth-el, and … Salem Media Group. 1 John 1:8 says, If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. See the folly of those that promise themselves secrecy in sin. 2. Joshua 7:2-26 . We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. 16-18. ... From John Wesley’s commentary: “If it be pretended that some of them were infants; the text doth not say so, but only calls them sons and daughters. for they are but few--As the population of Ai amounted to twelve thousand ( Joshua 8:25 ), it was a considerable town; though in the hasty and distant reconnoitre made by the spies, it probably appeared small in comparison to Jericho; and this may have been the reason for their proposing so small a detachment to capture it. 21. a goodly Babylonish garment--literally, "a mantle of Shinar." How instructive this is if … Achan is detected, He is destroyed. c. Moses’ assistant: Joshua was prepared by faithful service in small things, in being Moses’ assistant. 1 But the children of Israel committed a trespass in the accursed thing: for Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took of the accursed thing: and the anger of the Lord was kindled against the children of Israel. and smote them in the going down--that is, the declivity or slope of the deep, rugged, adjoining wady. Introduction After such a tremendous victory at Jericho, Joshua chapter 7 is surprising to say the least. Ezek. Unable to understand the cause of the present calamity, he owned the hand of God. 24-26. He laments their defeat, as he feared it would reflect on God's wisdom and power, his goodness and faithfulness. Joshua 7:1.ACHAN'S TRESPASS. the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took some of them. 19. Salem Media Group. Proud member The commentary on Joshua by Trent C. Butler in the Word Biblical Commentary series contains a significant amount of interesting introductory information concerning both source criticism and form criticism. 7 But the people of Israel broke faith in regard to the devoted things, for a Achan the son of Carmi, son of Zabdi, son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took some of the devoted things. More than once we have found the affairs of Israel, even when they were in the happiest posture and gave the most hopeful prospects, perplexed and embarrassed by sin, and a stop thereby put to the most promising proceedings. How the Lord spoke is uncertain. Though we may suppose that Joshua slept the better, and with more ease and satisfaction, when he knew the worst of the disease of that body of which, under God, he was the head, and was put into a certain method of cure, yet, Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. glory to God--a form of adjuration to tell the truth. Joshua 23:7 That ye come not among these nations, these that remain among you; neither make mention of the name of their gods, nor cause to swear [by them], neither serve them, nor bow yourselves unto them:. [19 And Joshua said unto Achan, My son, give, I pray thee, glory to the LORD God of Israel, and make confession unto him; and tell me now what thou hast done; hide it not from me. Filter The Archives: Wordpress Meta Data and Taxonomies Filter Joshua 6 Joshua 8 Chapter 7 More than once we have found the affairs of Israel, even when they were in the happiest posture and gave the most hopeful prospects, perplexed and embarrassed by sin, and a stop thereby put to the most promising proceedings. So the Lord’s anger burned against Israel. Choose a verse from 'Joshua 7' to begin your 'Verse-by-Verse' study of God's Word using the more than 100 commentaries available on StudyLight.org the name of that place was called, The valley of Achor--("trouble"), unto this day--So painful an episode would give notoriety to the spot, and it is more than once noted by the sacred writers of a later age ( Isaiah 65:10 , Hosea 2:15 ). Joshua 7 (King James Version) 1 But the children of Israel committed a trespass in the accursed thing: for Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took of the accursed thing: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against the children of Israel. These were all ways to show his grief and dismay. They have just witnessed the tremendous defeat of the city of Jericho … But it being only the sin of one person or family, and soon expiated, the consequences were not so mischievous as of those other sins; however it served to let them know that they were still upon their good behaviour. Joshua 7. 10-15. the Lord said unto Joshua, Get thee up--The answer of the divine oracle was to this effect: the crisis is owing not to unfaithfulness in Me, but sin in the people. This is a balance between the Old Testament emphasis on individual responsibility (cf. And Joshua converses with Achan in verses 19 through 21. The discovery of Achan by the lot, which proved a perfect lot, though it proceeded gradually. But the children of Israel — That is, one of them. before the ark . "But the children of Israel committed a trespass in the accursed thing: for Achan, the son of Carmi, … Joshua 7 – Defeat at Ai and Achan’s Sin A. See also, how much it is our concern, when God is contending with us, to find out the cause that troubles us. The Consequences Of Sin Joshua 7:1-26 I’m not going to take time to read all of Joshua chapter 7 right now I will cover it as I preach this sermon. 1. the children of Israel committed a trespass in the accursed thing--There was one transgressor against the cherem, or ban, on Jericho, and his transgression brought the guilt and disgrace of sin upon the whole nation. CHAPTER 7. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. 26. they raised over him a great heap of stones--It is customary to raise cairns over the graves of criminals or infamous persons in the East still. John Trapp Complete Commentary. 1. Joshua 7:19-21. JOSHUA 7 COMME TARY EDITED BY GLE PEASE Achan’s Sin 1 But the Israelites were unfaithful in regard to the devoted things[a]; Achan son of Karmi, the son of Zimri,[b] the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took some … . Joshua sits judge, and, though abundantly satisfied of his guilt by the determination of the lot, yet urges him to make a penitent confession, that his soul might be saved by it in the other world, though he could not give him any encouragement to hope that he should save his life by it. . on their heads. We have here an account of the deep concern Joshua was in upon this sad occasion. Let not all the people go up, . . Joshua 3:7-17 COMMENTARY: THE CONTEXT: The context for this text begins with the call of Abram. (1) Not all of Israel obeyed the law of the devoted things. It is a usual form of speech in the Holy Scriptures, to ascribe that to many indefinitely, which properly belonged only to one or two of the same body or society. Num. 5:9). 6-9. Beth-aven--("house of vanity")--a name afterwards given derisively ( Hosea 4:15 , 5:8 , 10:5 ), on account of its idolatries, to Beth-el, "house of God," but here referred to another place, about six miles east of Beth-el and three north of Ai. . The plain of Shinar was in early times celebrated for its gorgeous robes, which were of brilliant and various colors, generally arranged in figured patterns, probably resembling those of modern Turkish carpets, and the colors were either interwoven in the loom or embroidered with the needle. The lot being appealed to ( Proverbs 16:33 ), he proceeded in the inquiry from heads of tribes to heads of families, and from heads of households in succession to one family, and to particular persons in that family, until the criminal was found to be Achan, who, on Joshua's admonition, confessed the fact of having secreted for his own use, in the floor of his tent, spoil both in garments and money [ Joshua 7:19-21 ]. Joshua rent his clothes, and fell to the earth . But, although apparently breathing a spirit of bold remonstrance and complaint, it was in reality the effusion of a deeply humbled and afflicted mind, expressing his belief that God could not, after having so miraculously brought His people over Jordan into the promised land, intend to destroy them, to expose them to the insults of their triumphant enemies, and bring reproach upon His own name for inconstancy or unkindness to His people, or inability to resist their enemies. The LORD spoke to Joshua: Joshua – who was not a young man at this time – had spent his entire career previously as the assistant of Moses, now finds that it is his own time to lead, but only after God prepared him.

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